Phishing

Approximately 156 million phishing emails are sent every day. Phishing is a commonly used hack that impersonates a person or a company to gain information about people, it can also be used to install malware on a computer. It is easier for hackers to get people to click on malicious links through a legitimate email.

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Types of Phishing

  • Spear phishing – Targets specific people or companies using specific information to the person or the company to gain unauthorized information. They also appear to come from secure and trusted sources so that the person is more likely to give information away.
  • Pharming – Redirects traffic from a websites traffic to a fraud website, and the person enters their personal information such as passwords and credit card details into the website, thinking that the website is legitimate. The hackers then has digital control of your accounts. It does this by editing and replacing host files, the host files are like an internal Domain Name Server (DNS).
  • Deceptive phishing – Targets many people when an email, text or something of that sorts, again this will impersonate a trusted company to redirect people to a bogus website.

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Prevention

Phishing attacks can be prevented by people being more aware.

  • Learn to identify fake emails, for example: bank will never ask for personal details over email.
  • Access websites by typing the URL into the browsers and you should not access website via hyperlinks and attachments.
  • Double check before entering personal information in any website, make sure the website is trustworthy and legitimate.
  • If the website offers something which is too good to be true it is probably fake.
  • Change your host file to read only this means that a hackers can not redirect you to a fake website.
  • Look at the URL before opening hyperlinks, make sure the URL is not that of a fake website.

What are your thought? Leave your thoughts in the comments.

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